Exotic affections: Post-Colonial Fantasies in Latin American Comics 1930-1975
Itzayana Gutiérrez Arillo
This project’s aim is to distinguish the formation, evolution and changes in archetypical racial representations, dominant political and cultural discourses, as well as permanency and transformations in the pictorial and narrative structures that gave autonomy to the language of comics in Latin America between 1930 and 1975.
The attractive visual language of comics modernized colonial stereotypes from the visual culture of the political philosophy of castes; the racial hierarchy system that converged in Spanish colonial America, along with a class system. Using optical experiments from pictorial vanguards, cinematography, photography, advertising and typography, comics were one of the agents that facilitated the growing industrialization of the Latin American landscape, which altered rural spaces and the previous system of artisanal production. Ranging from utopian imperialisms exercised on preindustrial landscapes of exuberant nature, to futurist utopian fantasies of the imposition of machines to control primitive human relations and passions, to the naturalization of domestic violence as a comic resource in urban settings, a variety of super-men constructed their dominance over colourful primitive beings, children and women created in the image of African, Asian and Latin American racial types.